All varieties of cherries differ among themselves according to various characteristics, be it the time of ripening, the size of the fruit, or the region of growth. The most resistant to frost those cherries that are grown in the northern regions (Ob, Ashinskaya, Blizzard), but the most fruitful and sweet varieties grow in the south of the country (Lyubskaya, Shpanka, Garland). Cherries, early ripening the most stable, but their taste is much more sour (Chocolate, Youth), medium ripening varieties are the golden mean (Vladimirskaya, Zhukovskaya, Turgenevka). Another sign is the presence of flowers of both sexes, that is, self-fertility (Aphutinskaya, Yenikiev Memorial). To choose which is the most suitable variety of cherries, you need to know all their characteristics.
To samoplodny varieties include such cherries, which no additional pollination required, and they independently knot both male and female flowers.
Medium-growth tree, on which grow large and tasty heart-shaped fruits. Apukhtinskaya variety begins its fruiting in the second year after planting, refers to late ripening, crop ripening falls in mid-August. The tree has good resistance to frost and drought, but it is also prone to fungal diseases.Cherry variety Apukhtinskaya
The tree grows up to 3 meters in height, the crown of medium thickness, spherical shape. Fruit weight reaches 5 gramstherefore they can be considered large. The shape of the berries is oval, the color is dark red. The flesh of cherries. Memory of Yenikiyev is very tasty and juicy. The variety is characterized by the presence of a large bone.. The tree begins to bear fruit already for 3-4 years of life, the period of full ripening of the crop falls at the end of June. Up to 15 kilograms of fruit can be harvested from a single cherry.. It has an average resistance to frost and drought.Cherry Memory Enikeeva
Cherry varieties that ripen from early June to mid-July are called early. Their berries are less sweet, and the trees are characterized by good frost resistance.
A tree of such a cherry is of medium height, with a crown shaped like an inverted cone. Berries differ in sourish taste and dark and claret color. Pulp of a rich red shade, dense, with easily separated bone. Variety Shokoladnits well tolerates frost and drought, is resistant to many diseases, self-infested. Brings a steady harvest.Cherry Chocolate
This variety is a cherry-cherry hybrid. A tall tree with free-growing branches is shaped like a ball. In addition, the attachment of branches to the tree is quite weak, so when the crop appears there is a risk that they will break. The taste of berries is sweet and sour, on average, their weight is 4 grams. The color of the fruit is dark red, the shape is rounded flat. The first harvest Shpanka brings to 6-7 years of life, but at the age of 20 years from the tree you can get up to 60 kilograms of cherries. Fruiting occurs from the end of June to the beginning of July.. The variety is highly resistant to frost and drought, needs pollinators.Cherry Shpanka
Spray cherries, with a low, slightly drooping crown. Fruits of the Youth variety are large in size, their weight can reach up to 4.8 grams, the skin and pulp have the same dark maroon color. The stone is well separated, and in the taste of the cherries themselves they feel a slight sourness, such berries are perfect for preservation and freezing. The first crop appears on the 5-year-old tree, fruiting mainly occurs on last year's wood. Youth is a frost-resistant grade. It has moderate disease resistance.Spray self-fertile cherry youth variety
Tree cherry with medium growth. The crown of the tree needs constant shaping, with the free form of growth it looks like a cone, and the fruits will accumulate at the very top. The taste of berries is sweet, sweet, in all its external characteristics they resemble a sweet cherrycan reach a weight of 9.5 grams. The variety is samobesplod, needs pollinators. The tree begins to bear fruit from 3 years of life, while bringing a large, stable crop. You can collect the fruit in early June. Miracle cherry is resistant to frost and most diseases..Miracle Cherry variety
The tree has a medium height and spherical shape. Brings beautiful dark red fruit with a pleasant sweet-sour taste, the bone is easily separated from the pulp. The shape of the berries is round, evenly flattened, weight reaches 5 grams.. Grade Baby Distinguished by good transportability, immunity to fungal diseases and frost resistance. Yield inferior to other varieties, from one tree you can get 17 kilograms of cherries. Their full maturation falls at the end of June.Cherry variety Baby
Cherry varieties average maturity
Medium early called cherries, which ripen in mid-summer, they have the best taste.
VladimirskayaCherry fruits Vladimirskaya
Vladimirskaya - one of the oldest varieties grown in the central regions of Russia. Bush tree, grayish bark. The branches grow in a downward direction, so the shape of the crown is called weeping. On one inflorescence about 5-7 flowers of gentle white color gather. The leaves are matte green hue, elongated, gradually sharpening to the base and top, biconicular edge. Fruits are sweet and sour, slightly fibrous, well suited for any form of processing. The color of the skin is dark red, almost black, the weight of the berries does not exceed 3.7 grams, the shape is rounded flat. The first fruiting comes on the 3rd year of lifeThe ripening of the cherry occurs at the end of July. This variety tolerates winter cold, but spring frosts can completely destroy the inflorescences, and, accordingly, the entire crop. It grows best in central Russia, with good care it can yield 25 kilograms of fruit. In the northern regions, the yield drops sharply to 6-7 kg. Vladimirskaya needs pollinators and additional protection from diseases and pests. If the berries are not picked on time, they will begin to crumble very quickly.
ZhukovskayaCherry variety Zhukovskaya
Cherry grows up to 2.5 meters, crown sprawling, but rare. Leaves narrow, oval, dark green color. Forms inflorescences of 3-4 flowers, medium size with rounded petals. Fruiting occurs on last year's annual wood. Most often, the berries are single, sometimes in two. Cherries varieties Zhukovskaya medium size, up to 4 grams, dark red color, heart shape. The flesh is tender, juicy, with a dessert taste. Disease resistance is average.
KharitonovskayaCherry variety Kharitonovskaya
The tree grows to medium size, the flowers are large, white. The berries themselves are evenly rounded, the peel is bright red, the flesh is orange. Possess sweet-sour taste, the stone easily separates. Good immunity to various diseases, frost resistance is normal. Variety Kharitonovskaya needs additional pollination.
TurgenevkaCherry varieties Turgenevka
A cherry tree of this variety grows up to 3 meters, forming inflorescences of 4 white flowers. Fruiting occurs on the bouquet twigs. Berries wide-heart-shaped, large-sized, with a mass of up to 6.5 grams. The color of the skin is dark red, the flesh is juicy, sour-sweet, the taste rating is normal. The first crop ripens at 5-6 year of life, full ripening occurs in early July. Turgenevka tolerates winter frosts, but can die when spring frosts appear. It is highly resistant to diseases, needs pollinators. The variety brings a good, stable crop.
FreezerCherry with fruits grade Morozovka
The tree grows of medium size, the crown is wide, spreading. Fruiting occurs on the bouquet twigs, berries are rounded with a hole in the stem, the weight can reach 5.5 grams. The skin is maroon, the flesh is juicy, dessert taste with easily detachable bone. These berries are suitable for both fresh consumption and for processing, are well transported. The tree begins to bear fruit at 3 years of life, the ripening fruit of the variety Morozovka falls at the end of July. Harvest stable, up to 500 kilograms per hundred. The variety is resistant to frost, drought and disease. Needs pollinators.
Late varieties ripen the most recent, late summer-early autumn.
LyubskayaCherry harvest varieties Lyubskaya
The variety is intended for cultivation in central and southern Russia, it is very picky about soil fertility and quality of care. Forms a large crop with blood-red, transportable fruits with a mediocre taste.. These berries are ideal for processing. The tree is self-growing, but with additional pollination it gives higher yields. The young tree brings up to 26 kilograms of fruit, and the adult to 60. Lyubskaya does not have frost resistance, often undergoes various diseases.
GenerousCherry variety Generous
Bush cherries with shoots raised upwards. The weight of one cherry is about 4 grams, the shape is round, the color is bright red. Pulp with good taste, the bone is easily separated. The presentation of berries is at the highest level, they are resistant to cracking. Variety Generous gives an annual, abundant harvest, ripens in autumn. The tree gives its first cherries already in 3-4 years. Generous is characterized by high frost resistance, it can easily tolerate even spring frosts, also the variety is not amenable to attack by pests, it tolerates drought well. Susceptible to diseases, especially fungal.
RobinCherry variety Robin
Tree of medium height with a spherical crown. Leaves with a wide plate, glossy, green, margin crenate. Cherries are small, the average weight of one berry is 3-3.5 grams, the shape is rounded. The taste is sweet and sour, pleasant, the flesh is dense. The variety produces an annual, abundant crop, which ripens in early August. The robin needs additional pollinators and protection from diseases. Resistance to frost - medium.
Large varieties of cherries
The varieties of cherries with large dessert berries to their taste are not inferior to sweet cherries. But compared to other varieties, they are whimsical to the climatic conditions and the quality of care.
Consumer BlackCherry variety Consumer goods Black
Low-growing tree with very tasty berries with dark skin almost black. The flesh is juicy, tender, with an easily detachable bone. Fruits Consumer goods Black ripen in early June, moderate-yield crops. It has low resistance to frost. The tree needs additional pollination.
A medium-sized tree can produce an annual harvest. The berries are sweet, juicy with dense pulp and easily removable bone. Ripening falls in the middle of July. The variety does not tolerate frosts; there is a risk of decay in the rainy season. Volochaevka forms both female and male flowers, self-bearing.
A meetingCherry Variety Meeting
A low tree whose fruit weight exceeds the mark of 10 grams. The berries are bright red, with delicate and juicy flesh. The harvest of the variety. The meeting is stable and annual, ripening falls on the 20th of June. The variety tolerates frost and drought, is resistant to fungal diseases.
Varieties of undersized (dwarf) cherry
Trees in these varieties grow no higher than 2.5 meters. They are very convenient for breeding and harvesting the crop, so they are very popular among gardeners.
AnthraciteCommon Cherry Anthracite
Bushy cherry with a wide crown, its maximum growth is 2 meters. The skin of the berries is dark, almost black, the flesh is blood red.. Fruit weight is 4-5 grams, taste is good. Cherries ripen in mid-summer and are well transported. Anthracite is resistant to frost, drought and fungi.
QuickwinkLow-growing cherry grade Bistrin
A small tree forms a spherical crown. Berry burgundy color, with the same color of the pulp, their weight ranges from 3.5-4.2 grams, well transported. The taste is sweet and sour. Harvest period falls on the beginning of July. The resistance of the Bystrinka variety to frost is average. There is a risk of damage by moniliasis.
MtsenskayaCherry Mtsenskaya variety
The tree rarely exceeds the 2-meter height, the crown is oval. Average, one berry weighs 4 grams, the color of the skin is maroon. Most often, the fruits of the Mtsenskaya variety are processed. Trees have good resistance to frost, drought and most diseases. They also have an attractive appearance, which is why they are often used in landscape design.
The best varieties of cherries for the southern regions of Russia
These varieties have excellent taste, low or medium frost resistance. Their cultivation is possible only in warm climatic conditions.
On average, the tree grows up to 3-4 meters, the foliage is average. Fruiting occurs on annual shoots. Fruits are large, juicy, red. Differ in fine taste. Variety Sasha is frost-resistant, rarely exposed to disease. The first fruiting occurs in the 5th year of life, the early ripening period.
GarlandCherry variety Garland
Tree growth is 3 meters, a large amount of foliage is formed on the branches. Variety Garland is characterized by the presence of inflorescences, of which there are 5 fruits each. The berries are very large, juicy and tasty, the color of the skin is slightly darker than the flesh. The first harvest can be collected in mid-June already in the 3rd year of life. The tree does not need additional pollination.
The best varieties of cherries for the northern regions
AshinskayaCherry Ashinskaya variety
It is considered the best variety for the northern regions. Low-growing shrub, whose growth does not exceed 1.5 meters, can tolerate frost down to -55 degrees. Also has drought tolerance. Berries of dark color, with dense pulp of slightly knitting, sweet-sour taste. The bone is small, easily removed. Flowering occurs from the beginning of April, the first harvest gives shrubs at 4 years of age.
Low shrub, whose growth is only 130 centimeters. Fruiting occurs on annual growths. The berries are small, dark red in color, with good taste and a small, well separable bone.. Fruit ripening falls in the middle of July. Ob is able to withstand severe frosts and droughts, but is highly susceptible to pests. The variety is self-fertile and does not need pollination.
Altai swallowCherry variety Altai swallow
Low-growing shrub, a height of not more than 150 centimeters. The berries are round in shape and medium in size, have excellent taste and juiciness.. Ripening occurs in mid-July. The yield of the variety is very different from the trees growing in the southern regions, and is only 5 kilograms. The Altai swallow tolerates frost and drought well, and is immune to many diseases. It is also a pollinator for many varieties of cherries.
The most delicious varieties of cherries for Siberia and the Urals
Such sorts of cherries adapt well to the changeable climate of Siberia and the Urals, and are also distinguished by good yield and taste.
Ural rubyCherry shrub Ural Ruby
Shrub, whose growth is 1.5 meters, the crown is wide, weeping branches, grow in a downward direction. The leaves are wide, shiny, dark green in color, their shape resembles a boat. Fruits weigh only 3-4 grams, round shape, dark red, juicy, taste sweet and sour. Ripen in mid-August. The variety is self-productive, but it has a stable and good yield, an adult tree brings up to 10 kilograms of berries.
LighthouseSiberian variety of cherry lighthouse
Lighthouse - a bush 2 meters high with wide sprawling crown and leaves folded into the boat. The Siberian variety is self-fertile, but when planted next to such varieties as Vole and Generous it gives the most abundant crops. Fruits gain weight up to 6 grams, dark red in color, the taste is sour-sweet. Harvest can be collected in early AugustOn average, one bush gives 5 to 15 kilograms of fruit.
The best varieties of cherries for the Moscow region, description and care
The varieties that are best suited for the Moscow region should have good resistance to frost, and be unpretentious to the composition of the soil, a description of which can be found below.
From the category of early varieties of the Moscow region best fit varieties Youth and Miracle Cherry.
Griot MoskovskyCherry for Moscow region Griot Moscow
Tree with a spherical crown and frosted leaves. Berries reach 3.5 grams in weight, taste is top notch, fruits are suitable for various types of processing. Such a variety ripens in mid-July, yields are above average, with weave you can get up to a ton of cherries. Resistance to winter cold and return frost is excellent. Subjected to coccomycosis and monial burn.
Among the varieties of late ripening in the best way proved Zhukovskaya.
The crown of the tree is small, rounded. Fruits are dark red in color with rare brown dots. The flesh of the berries is juicy, the taste is sour. Cherries can be used both for fresh consumption and for various processing., fruit transportability is average. Harvest can be in early August. The variety has good resistance to frost and drought.
In memory of MashkinVariety cherry Memory Mashkin
The crown of the tree is spreading, drooping, spherical shape. Fruits are large in size, grow up to 5 grams, with its dessert taste, they often become an ornament of any garden. Maturation occurs in mid-July. Frost resistance and immunity to vomiting is average.
Medium-thick wood, forming fruits weighing 4 grams, round-oval in shape and light red in color, taste sweet and sour. Crop ripening occurs in mid-July, from one tree you can get up to 15 kilograms of berries. Frost resistance of the tree and flower buds is excellent. The variety does not require additional protection from fungal diseases.
Breeders brought a huge number of varieties of cherries, which allows you to grow this crop in all corners of Russia. For the most part, all trees have good or moderate frost resistance and bear sweet-sour fruit.. Each gardener can choose and plant that cherry which will decorate his site.