Drying apples is considered one of the easiest ways to harvest healthy fruits for the winter. In this form, they completely retain all of their valuable trace elements and vitamins over the years. Drying at home can be done both in natural conditions and with the help of special devices. Harvested fruits can be added to various dishes that are allowed to be eaten during fasting, while dealing with obesity or with proper nutrition.
How to dry apples at home
For drying, it is best to choose sweet and sour varieties with sufficiently dense flesh, on which there is no rot and dark spots. In advance, the fruit should be well washed in water and cut into circles or small slices.
In order to avoid darkening of the fruit, it is recommended immediately before the process for a few minutes to put them in water with the addition of a small amount of salt. For the same purpose, you can use cold water, acidified with citric or acetic acid.
Some housewives before drying are engaged in blanching the fruit, however, you can do without it. In such fruits, it is possible to preserve more beneficial trace elements and vitamins.
Read also how to quickly remove the core in apples and what tools are used to cut apples into slices.Pre-apples are cut into small slices
In the oven
To prepare the fruits for the winter in the oven, you must preheat it to 50 degrees. Prepared fruit should be placed on a baking sheet covered with baking paper.
In the process, the oven should remain slightly ajar. After an hour, the temperature should be increased by 20 degrees and the slices should be dried for several hours. At the end, it is necessary to heat the oven to 80 degrees, close the door and after half an hour remove the fruit.
The whole process of harvesting apples in the oven is about 7 hours. It is necessary to control that the fruits are not burnt and do not become dark brown.
In the dryer
Many housewives, and especially those who have a cottage, prefer harvesting apples in an electric dryer VOLTERA 1000 Lux. This method of drying fruits requires the following manipulations:
- you need to cut the fruit into slices 5-7 mm thick and put them in pallets;
- pallets should be placed in an electric dryer and placed on top of each other;
- temperature need to choose 55-60 degrees;
- the duration of the harvesting of fruits is 6-8 hours.
It is necessary to make sure that dried fruits do not emit moisture when pressed.
The downside of this method of harvesting apples is that it takes a lot of time. For such a process it is necessary to create certain conditions:
- hot sunny weather;
- high temperature of the air so that the fruits have time to heap;
- sunny weather in moderate wind;
- sufficient area on which you can place a large number of fruits.
It is recommended to take summer varieties for drying in the sun, since harvesting autumn and winter varieties in this way does not allow for climatic conditions.
Before fruit should be thoroughly washed, cut and put on a clean surface. In addition, the fruit can be put on a strong thread so that the distance between them is maintained.
Drying in the shade
Apples can be dried in the shade, but it will take much longer. Despite this, such drying is considered much more useful than harvesting fruit in the sun.
Prepared fruits should be spread out on a baking sheet and put them in a shaded place that is well ventilated. It is important during the day at least once to turn the fruit, and at night bring them into the house.In the shade, apples will dry longer than in the sun, but will retain more vitamins.
Drying in convection oven
For home drying apples, you can use a device such as aerogrill. With it, you can harvest fruits with ginger, cinnamon and vanilla, which will be a delicious filling for pies in the winter.
To dry apples in convection oven it is necessary:
- wash the fruit, get rid of the core and cut them into slices 5-8 mm thick;
- boil water, melt 2 tablespoons of salt in it and dip the circles in the solution;
- after a few seconds, drain the water and allow the fruit to drain in a colander;
- put the dried fruits in a single layer on the grill and turn on the device;
- better to dry at a temperature of 100 degrees;
Prepare apples in this way can be in 50-60 minutes. In the event that they turned out to be lipkovat, it is recommended to hold them in the aerogrill for 20-30 minutes.
Dried fruits are recommended to be stored in fabric bags or cardboard boxes. Periodically, you should check the condition of dried fruits, shake up and air them. Stocks of dried fruits will delight the whole family at any time of the year with charlotte, tasty compote and other dishes. To keep such a product is permitted for several years and all this time it retains useful properties.