Want to get a tomato crop with minimal labor costs - plant low-growing tomatoes Betta or Beta Lux. From June to August, you will have all-purpose tomatoes on the table.
Tomato Betta ultra early, short and very productive grade. The variety is ideal for summer residents, rarely in their country plot. Betta variety does not require garter and pasynkovaniya, it significantly reduces the time of care for him.
Description and characteristics of tomato Betta
Bushes are small, compact. Leaves on the bushes a bit. Betta belongs to the category of determinant varieties of tomatoes of the stem type. The height of the bushes is small. In adulthood, the maximum height of the tomato bush as described is no more than 0.5 m.
For a low plant Betta gives decent yields of not large fruits. The average size of tomatoes - 50 g. Individual copies may weigh more - 80-100 g. The color of the pulp and skins of a tomato is bright red.Fruits are small and weigh about 50 grams.
The pulp is juicy, with good taste, can be used in the processing of juices, ketchups, smoothies. In simple slicing and in fresh salads, Betta performed well just as in whole canning.
The fruits, though not large, quite marketable. Their form is rounded, slightly flattened at the top and bottom. Small tomatoes look good in cans with whole-canning. Fruits are collected in brushes of 4-6 pieces.
Grow in the greenhouse, this variety is unprofitable. Bushes are short, therefore greenhouse space will not be used rationally. Although the yield of this small plant is high - 2 kg / bush.
Planting 6 plants per 1m2, you can get per unit area of up to 12 kg of tomatoes. An important characteristic of tomatoes is the speed of ripening. Betta has this value at tomato height. The first tomatoes ripen in 85 days.
Advantages and disadvantages
Any variety is chosen based on its merits. Any modern sort of dignity is. We will try to list them all:
- The fruits are sown early.
- The peel of the fruit is durable, so the Betta tomatoes are well tolerated in transportation, they absolutely do not lose their presentation during transport to another place.
- For growing tomatoes Betta care from the gardener requires a minimum. This is good news. In the summer there are always many other works around the garden.
Requirements for soil for planting
Soil tomato Betta need loose, fertile. In heavy loamy soil in autumn, apply humus 10 kg / m², 0.5 buckets of sand, mineral fertilizers and ash.
Sowing rulesBetta Tomato Seeds
Beth's tomato is propagated in two ways:
- The first option - sowing seeds straight to the ground.
- The second option - sowing seeds in boxes for seedlings followed by picking into separate containers.
The first option is only for regions with a warm southern climate. In a temperate climate, Bette's tomato is propagated only by seedlings. Sow tomato seedlings on seedlings need early April.
For seed treatment, take any growth stimulant and soak the seeds in it overnight. In the morning you can sow them after thorough rinsing. Use loose earth for seedlings consisting of:
- garden land;
- lowland peat;
- sand if necessary.
To speed up seedlings cover the boxes with film. You need to have a seedling cups and dive in them seedlings with 2 true leaves.
Transplantation of tomatoes in open groundFor planting tomato Betta in the ground is suitable for 30-day seedlings
Suitable for transplanting into the ground 30 day seedlings. Two weeks before the transplant you need to harden the seedlings. On the day it can be taken out on the street (in the greenhouse, greenhouse), bring home at night.
Grafting is carried out in the ground in late May - early June. A specific date can not be called. Each region has its own climate, it determines the timing of the transplant. Weather forecasters should not be frightened by frost on the ground, and the soil itself should be heated to 15-18 ° C.
Bushes are small, so you do not need to put stakes. On 1 m2 you can place up to 6 roots. More frequent (rare) plantings are not recommended.
Grade care after transplanting
Tomato Betta requires simple care:
- Loosening between rows.
- Weed removal.
- Carrying out preventive measures against pests and diseases.
- Treatment of tomato bushes in case of illness.
Water the bushes need once a week. In case of heat and drought, watering can be slightly increased. Land under low bushes should be covered with grass. The grass will exclude the contact of the fruit with the ground and reduce evaporation of moisture.Tie up Betta bushes only if necessary
Pysynki do not need to be removed, tying bushes to the support is also not necessary. Bad weather does not affect the yield. As gardeners say, Betta's yields are stable from year to year.
Diseases and their prevention
From herbs to prepare insect repellent decoctions and spray tomato bushes early in the morning. From the various insects saves infusion of onion peel or celandine. Red pepper or ash scattered on the ground around the bushes will protect the bushes from slugs and other insects.
Sometimes planting a tomato visits the Colorado potato beetle. His need to collect hands and throw in a jar of water. Only modern insecticides will save from aphids and thrips.
Harvesting and storage rulesYou can collect the fruits and green, they will reachpo in the box
Bette tomatoes from june to august. You can collect green, they still dopeyut and become red, even lying in a box. Larger tomatoes can be removed in the milk ripeness phase. The smaller tomatoes remaining on the bush will grow and sing faster, as the plant will have more strength on them.
You have little time - grow undersized varieties. If you choose F1 for sowing, there will be no disappointment in the variety. Harvest get decent, spending a minimum of time and effort.