According to statistics Iskander zucchini variety is one of the most popular species in Russia. To understand what people's love and fame deserve a vegetable for, it is worth exploring its properties in more detail.
Description and characterization of the Iskander f1 zucchini variety
The species under consideration is remarkable in that her skin is very tender, like the flesh. According to the description, the elongated, elongated fruit has a milky-white surface with a greenish tint.
The variety is of Dutch origin.. He began his journey through Russian cities from the Krasnodar Territory. It was there that the first sprouts were grown.
Ripening time, advantages and disadvantages
The main positive characteristics that Iskander can boast: high yield and earlier ripening. For the season from the 1st bush gardeners collect up to 17 kilograms of zucchini.
Another plus is that zucchini can withstand freezing temperatures. In addition, it does not affect its productivity: even in cold weather, the variety continues to bear fruit well.
Large vegetable farms appreciate this plant for simplicity.
Unlike many other varieties, This variety has a pleasant taste, but not stored for so longas thick-haired subspecies.The variety is high-yielding, ripens early, cold-resistant, fruits have a pleasant taste
Seed preparation for planting
Plant this species in two ways.: grow seedlings or immediately sow seeds in open ground. In both cases, a preliminary preparation.
Seeds need germination for germination. For this purpose, they are soaked in warm water with a temperature not lower than 20 degrees. For better effect, you can add useful trace elements to the liquid.
After this procedure, the contents are wrapped in a dense, damp cloth for three days. It is necessary to ensure that the coating does not dry out completely, but it is not too wet. The room temperature is +25 - 26 degrees.
Zucchini Iskander are classified as F1therefore the seeds of the fruit grown in the garden are not suitable for planting next year.Seeds before planting are prepared: soaked in water, wrapped in a dense, damp cloth for three days
Preparation of soil for growing crops
Land for landing is being prepared since autumn.. They dig it up, fertilize it, spring is already loosening, leveling and marking the beds. Planting material is placed in the hole at a distance of 60 centimeters from each other.
This will help reduce the number of pests that are common to them.
This early variety can be planted in open ground in mid-April., barely bypasses the threat of frost.
The plant patiently treats the cold, but loves it warmly, because it is planted in places warmed by the sun.
Seedlings are submerged shallowly in the ground, about 7-8 cm and powdered. After disembarking, it is necessary to pour them well with warm water.Seedlings can be planted in open ground in mid-April
If the planting is carried out, bypassing the stage of growing seedlings, its terms are relegated to May or end of June:
- In the loosened soil prepared grooves in advance.
- The prepared seed should be placed with a sharp tip down and planted in grooves in the soil heated to 12 degrees.
- Sprinkle so that the top layer is not too thick.
- To water.
In order to protect the landing from frost, sowing should be postponed until the end of May. At first, a special film for covering is used.
After the young plants have taken root, the gardener will again inspect the beds and thin them, removing the unviable, weak sprouts. In their place you can add new seedlings.
Roots need good air access. The land is regularly loosened and weeds removed.. Active watering takes place before the growing season. Then it should be applied periodically.
In a rainy summer, you can water only once a week or less often - according to the situation.
The most common mistake: watering under the back during the active sun. It is more correct to make a strip along the landings and gradually pour water into it.Active watering takes place before the growing season.
Diseases and their prevention
There are 2 types of diseases that zucchini is prone to: pests and fungal infections.
Insects that harm a vegetable include:
- melon aphid;
- spider mite
If the leaves turn brown and begin to dry, then this indicates the presence of anthracnose. It occurs as a result of excessive moisture.
Signs of powdery mildew are round spots with the appearance of the flour. Causes: cold and damp.
If the spots start to grow and grow brown, then this is called a false form of the disease. It is necessary to treat it, as well as anthracnose.
High humidity and high temperature drops provoke the development of white rot.
To protect the bushes from the cold, warmed beds are created: compost and vegetable garbage are applied to the holes for 30 centimeters.Powdery Dew on Zucchini Leaves
Harvesting and storage rules
Gather this vegetable throughout the season.without waiting for its full maturation. It is necessary only for the collection of seeds, but in the case of a hybrid variety it is completely useless.
The cut is made at an angle at a distance of 4-5 cm to the end of the stem, its line should be straight. Tools are used for this. To twist and tear the fruit with your hands is wrong.
Iskander is stored for up to 5 months. He is best preserved by following certain rules:
- Vegetable storage should be torn at the moment when its skin is firm to the touch, and it makes a deaf sound when tapping. Immature species will start to deteriorate much faster.
- Air temperature should not exceed 10 degrees.
- The room must be dry.
- For the winter version suitable samples, plucked shortly before the frost.
By providing optimal conditions for the plant, in return, you can get a rich harvest of high quality.