About the farm

Description and characteristics of cabbage Kale (Russian cabbage)


The popularity of cabbage cale on a global scale is steadily growing. It is still difficult to find it on the shelves of our stores, but many restaurant owners and fans of living cuisine have begun to be interested in it. Without a doubt, cabbage is another fashionable trend. Her breeding engaged for a long time, but massively about this plant began to speak only now.

The plant is really unique, has great benefits for the human body, but is not considered a panacea for all diseases.

Description and characteristics of the cabbage variety Kale

This plant is widely grown in Europe. However, with the advent of the seventeenth century, it was almost fully pressed by the most fruitful and able to withstand diseases of the variety. But in the northern regions of Russia, thanks to its frost resistance, Keil was grown until the end of the eighteenth century.

The product is really unique, in its nutritional value it can be compared. with meat and fresh vegetables. The iron content of the Russian cabbage surpassed beef, its protein is absorbed much faster than the analogue of animal origin.

So after eating with the consumption of such cabbage you will not want to sleep, because the body will not need rest in order to send its energy to the processing of heavy products. You will stay awake, feeling inner lightness and a surge of energy.

The variety is easily recognizable by the waviness of the leaf edge.

This cabbage variety is easily recognizable by its appearance. It has a slightly playful curl, wavyness runs along the edge of the foliage.

Unusual forms were the reason that the cabbage is often used as a decorative ornament of flowerbeds.

The advantages and disadvantages of Russian kale

Culture is considered dietary productcontaining a solid set of components useful to the human body. The composition has nine amino acids, as in meat. This gave every reason to dignify the plant "new beef."

Kyle is the source Omega 3, vitamins and minerals. A more detailed analysis of the composition reveals curious facts on the beyond the limits of vitamin A.

Scientists have proven that the plant contains vexantin and luteinthat protect the eyes from ultraviolet radiation.

In addition, cabbage contains:

  • easily absorbed calcium;
  • magnesium;
  • phosphorus;
  • zinc.

These are compounds that can prevent the development of cancerous tumors in the body.

Nutrients in Cale Cabbage

But there are negative points:

  • it is recommended to refuse such a product if there is intolerance of an individual character;
  • the plant can be harmful to kidney disease because contains a large amount of oxalic acid.

Growing seedlings

Seed should be planted six to seven weeks until the moment when the frosts end. Best of all, if you sow a couple of seeds in a cell.

The depth of landing should be 1 centimeter. In order for the shoots to be friendly, it is necessary to maintain a temperature regime equal 24 degrees. As soon as sprouts appear, it can be lowered. up to 16 degrees heat

Required conditions are good light and ventilation. After six weeks, seedlings are considered completely ready for transfer to the ground.

Cale Cabbage Seedlings

Growth conditions for this variety

For normal growth cabbage requires soil composition with acidity 5.5 - 6.8. If the value is lower than the specified value, a small amount of acidic compost is allowed in the ground. At high acidity, the earth can be mixed with sulfur.

For normal growth beds are best to arrange on a hill, so that they are well lit by the sun.

How to prepare the soil for cultivation

Land on cabbage beds should be fertilized. Any soil composition is suitable for planting, but it’s best if sandy, peaty or medium clay.

In each well prepared for transplanting seedlings, a little humus mixed with wood ash is added to the well.

How to plant cabbage in open ground

Landing holes are prepared at a distance 40 centimeters. Their depth should be sufficient to plant the seedlings to the first leaf. Landing is carried out perpendicular to the surface, the shape of the root system does not matter.

Seedlings planted in the ground to a depth of the first leaf

Departure after landing

The most important condition is considered watering. The earth should always remain hydrated, so water will have to be everydaypreferably in evening time. Every six weeks of growth, fertilizer formulations must be applied in order for the culture to grow strong and tasty.

Having noticed that the leaves begin to turn white and rot, the plants need to be mulched, the affected foliage removed.

So that the root system does not lack oxygen, after rains and watering the soil should be well loosen. Periodically cabbage must spud, while removing weed vegetation.

Diseases and their prevention

To take timely measures to protect against disease, cabbage must be constantly checked for lesions and the appearance of harmful parasites.

If any, it is necessary use folk remediesthat are completely effective and completely safe for culture.

Harvesting and storage rules

Store foliage in the fridge can be no more than 7 days

A couple of months after landing individual cabbage leaves can be cut, new ones will grow instead.

Keep the leaves allowed in the refrigerator not more than seven days. To improve the conditions it is recommended to put the leaves in a container with water. Frozen culture stored no more than two months, it should be thoroughly rinsed and dried beforehand.

Often the cabbage is left on the beds before the onset of frost. From this, it only improves its taste.

In cooking

Cale Cabbage Salad

Cale can be used in the preparation of the following dishes:

  • vegetable soups. Best of all - in okroshka, because cabbage will not undergo heat treatment and will retain the maximum amount of useful components;
  • as a side dish. Together with fatty foods, cabbage is great to help the stomach digest food;
  • in salads. It is recommended not to cut it, but to tear it with your hands;
  • in the preparation of cocktails. A large amount of chlorophyll will help to clear the stomach, give the body strength;
  • as snacks. Just dry the leaves in the oven.

As you can see, caps Cale really is an amazing vegetable, with the use of which you can cook a large number of delicious and nutritious dishes.